Czech Republic is a land-locked country in Central Europe, bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the north. The Czech Republic has a population of 10.51 million people and the capital is Prague.
The Football Association of the Czech Republic (Fotbalová asociace České republiky) is the governing body of football in Czech Republic and is based in Prague. The FAČR oversees all aspects of football in the country including Czech Liga and Czech 2. Liga, and the Czech Republic national football team.
The organisation was founded in 1904 and became affiliated to FIFA in 1907 and to UEFA in 1954 as the Czechoslovak Football Association. From 1922 to 1993, during the existence of Czechoslovakia, the association was known as the Czechoslovak Football Association (Československá asociace fotbalová).
The Gambrinus liga is the primary football competition in the Czech Republic. It is contested by 16 clubs, operating a system of promotion and relegation with the Czech 2. Liga. The history of the Czech football Liga began in 1993/1994 season, after the dissolution of former state of Czechoslovakia. Sparta Prague are the most successful team in Gambrinus liga history, having won more than half of league titles. Other clubs who have won the title are Slavia Prague, Slovan Liberec, Baník Ostrava and Viktoria Plzeň.
The 2. liga or Druhá liga (second division) is the lower tier of the two professional football leagues in the Czech Republic and also has 16 clubs. The Czech 2. Liga is fed by two regional leagues - the Bohemian Football League (Česká fotbalová liga) and the Moravian-Silesian Football League (Moravskoslezská fotbalová liga).
The next level is the Czech Fourth Division (Divize) which is divided into 5 sections. Level 5 comprises 14 Regional Divisions and in total there are 10 levels in the pyramid, the bottom three being run on a district basis. There is a system of relegation and promotion between the various tiers.
The Czech Republic Football Cup (Pohár ČMFS) is the major football cup competition in the Czech Republic and was first held in its current form in 1993/94. However the Czech Cup was originally held in 1961 and the winner of the competition would face the winner of the Slovak Cup in the Czechoslovak Cup final. The most successful club since the dissolution of Czechoslovakia has been Sparta Prague followed by Slavia Prague.
Around 134 clubs compete in the Pohár ČMFS with clubs from Levels 4 and 5 of the league pyramid entering in the preliminary round followed by clubs from Czech 2. Liga, Bohemian Football League, Moravian-Silesian Football League and Czech Fourth Division in the first round with the Gambrinus liga clubs joining in the second round.
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